TMJ, or temporomandibular joint disorder, is characterized by pain and functional problems in the joints that connect the jaw to the skull. Although causes vary significantly between patients, several common factors have been identified. A number of treatments for this disorder are available from our dentist in Houston. Here is more about the most common causes and symptoms of TMJ.
TMJ has been linked to stress, overuse, bite irregularities, trauma, and arthritis. Excessive consumption of hard or chewy foods can contribute to TMJ. Teeth grinding, also called bruxism, is common during stress and can cause or exacerbate TMJ. Overbite and underbite can disrupt the natural position of the bones involved in the temporomandibular joints, arthritis can damage the connective tissues involved and trauma can directly damage these joints.
Most patients with TMJ experience pain when they open or close their mouth. For many patients, chewing or speaking worsens the discomfort. Clicking and grinding sounds and sensations are also frequently experienced by TMJ sufferers. Over time, TMJ can affect the alignment of the teeth and may drive uneven wear that makes the teeth more prone to decay.
Patients who visit our dentist may receive recommendations for any of several treatment options pending the results of an exam. X-rays, MRIs, or CT scans may be used in diagnosis of the problem and planning of treatment. Therapeutic mouth pieces, reconstructive surgery, and orthodontics are three common solutions for TMJ. At a consultation with our expert in TMJ in Houston, patients can learn more about TMJ along with its causes, symptoms, and treatments.
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